According to an analysis by scientists at the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the global warming trend continued until 2022, the sixth warmest year on record since 1880.

In 2022, the average land and ocean surface temperature exceeded the 20th century average (13.9 degrees Celsius (57 Fahrenheit)) by 0.86 degrees Celsius (1.55 Fahrenheit).

The report, prepared by the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), was released today during a teleconference by representatives of NOAA and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

According to the report, 2022 will be the 46th consecutive year (since 1977) that global temperatures have exceeded the 20th century average.

The 10 warmest years have been on record since 2010, with the last nine years (2014-2022) among the 10 warmest years.

The Northern Hemisphere’s surface temperature in 2022 was also the sixth warmest on record, 1.10 Celsius (1.98 F) above average.

Southern Hemisphere temperatures were the seventh warmest in the 143 years analyzed, 0.61 degrees (1.10 F) above average.

Global ocean heat content (OHC), a measure of the heat stored in the upper 2,000 meters of the ocean, reached a record high in 2022, surpassing the figure set in 2021.

The top four OHCs since registration correspond to the last four years (2019-2022), the report said.

The annual area (coverage) of sea ice in Antarctica in 2022 was 4.09 million square miles (10.5 million square kilometers), a minimum reached only in 1987.

In the Arctic, the annual average sea ice extent was about 4.13 million square miles (10.6 million square kilometers), the 11th smallest annual average sea ice extent for the period 1979–2022.